Take antihypertensive drugs and remember three “don’t”
Abstract: Scientific and rational use of drugs is the key to controlling blood pressure. Under the guidance of doctors, choose the appropriate drug treatment. Hypertension patients should pay attention to three “don’t”.
Hypertension is extremely harmful to human health. Long-term blood pressure instability can lead to complications such as coronary heart disease, diabetes, heart failure, hyperlipidemia, kidney disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke, left ventricular hypertrophy.
How to use medicine scientifically and reasonably is the key to control blood pressure. Under the guidance of a doctor, choose the appropriate drug treatment. Hypertensive patients should also pay attention to three “don’t”:
不要随意间断用药 高血压患者服药后血压降至正常水平，只能说明此时选用的降压药和服用的剂量基本合适，使血压得到控制，并不能说明高血压病已得到治愈或心、脑The lesions that occur in renal vascular involvement have returned to normal, so treatment should still be adhered to.
Of course, after a stage of blood pressure stabilization, the dose can be appropriately reduced under the guidance of a doctor.
From the current situation, most patients with hypertension need to continue to use drugs for life.
Do not take medicine before going to bed When a person falls asleep, because of the control of the body’s “biological clock”, and the human body is at rest, the blood pressure can naturally drop.
If the patient takes antihypertensive drugs before going to sleep, 2 hours is also the high-efficiency period of antihypertensive drugs. If the two effects overlap, the blood pressure will drop significantly, and the blood supply to the vital organs such as heart, brain and kidney will be insufficient.Even induced cerebral thrombosis or myocardial infarction.
Because the peak of blood pressure occurs at 6 to 12 o’clock every day, it is clinically recommended to arrange antihypertensive drugs in the morning to control the peak of hypertension, which has positive significance for preventing the occurrence of complications.
In addition to the known high blood pressure at the time, it is generally necessary to avoid taking antihypertensive drugs before going to bed.
If taking the medicine several times a day, the time of the last day of medication should be arranged 3 to 4 hours before bedtime.
Do not rely solely on drugs to reduce blood pressure Drug intervention is an essential treatment principle for patients with hypertension, but pay attention to lifestyle adjustments while taking drugs, in order to more effectively exert drug efficacy, which is conducive to the stability of blood pressure.
Therefore, patients with hypertension should eat a reasonable diet, especially to limit the intake of salt, eat more foods containing potassium, calcium and low sodium, eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, and quit smoking and limit alcohol.
Proper exercise is also important. It promotes blood circulation, lowers cholesterol production, promotes gastrointestinal motility, prevents constipation, and improves sleep.
In addition, adverse psychological factors such as nervousness, irritability, and emotional instability are the causes of elevated blood pressure.
Hypertensive patients should learn to change bad behaviors, cultivate good adaptability to the natural environment and society, avoid emotional excitement and excessive tension and anxiety, calm down and calm down, and make yourself live in the best state, thus avoiding blood pressure fluctuations.